Cannabidiol (CBD) is available in many forms from vape cartridges through to edibles. These products are often manufactured using a variety of CBD oils and may either be Broad Spectrum, Full Spectrum or isolates. In this article, we will be discussing the differences between the three CBD oils and will help you on your journey deciding which will be the best product for your requirements.
Background to Cannabis and oil
Cannabis has been used for thousands of years for both its nutritional, therapeutic and recreational properties. In recent years we have been able to learn more about the potential healing compounds of cannabis as well as extraction methods to remove these compounds from the cannabis sativa plant.
Cannabis sativa contains over 500 identified compounds and these include cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. The oils may be extracted or pressed from the cannabis seed, flower and even from the leaves and stalks.
Hemp is a variety of cannabis sativa and is legally/technically defined as hemp if it contains less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ). THC is a cannabinoid found abundantly in recreational varieties of cannabis sativa and is responsible for the psychedelic effects of cannabis. However, in hemp, the volumes of THC ( 0.3% ) will not cause any “high”. The reason why CBD oils are extracted from hemp is that it contains large volumes of this non-psychoactive cannabinoid.
Hemp Seed Oil
It’s important to know that cannabis oil may also be made from the cannabis seed. Using traditional cold-pressing methods the seeds are pressed to release large quantities of oils contained in the seed. This oil does not contain any cannabinoids like CBD but is a good nutritional replacement for regular oils used in the kitchen like sunflower, olive or pumpkin seed oil.
Full-spectrum CBD oil contains an array of naturally occurring compounds that are extracted from the cannabis plant. These may include cannabinoids like CBD, CBDa, CBG, THC and THCa, to name just a few. Full-spectrum CBD oils contain a variety of terpenoids and flavonoids. Full Spectrum oils are very popular by themselves and also when used to produce other CBD products like edibles such as gummies or hard candy. The reason full-spectrum oils are popular is because when all of the compounds are extracted and used, they work in synergy and create an “entourage effect”. This effect is still not fully understood by scientists but it means the combination of all these compounds creates a synergistic effect when used in collaboration.
Something to keep in mind about Full Spectrum CBD oil is that you may have a positive/failed drug test due to this oil containing small amounts of THC.
During the extraction process, Broad Spectrum oils usually have the cannabinoid THC removed. This leaves all the other compounds intact and still provides the “entourage effect”, minus the THC. Broad-spectrum oils thus ensures there are absolutely no psychoactive effects, but because this is terminology is not cast in stone, it’s always wise to check the profiles of the oil you will be purchasing.
CBD isolate is just that, isolated CBD. All other compounds like cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes have been removed. Isolate may also be referred to as CBD crystalline. This is one of the purest forms of CBD oil and you may find extracts of CBD isolate to be over 90% purity.
These three oils are the base ingredient used for other CBD products such as topical products and edibles. After reading this article we hope you have a better understanding of the hemp CBD oil world.